Medication Administration

The administration of medication is a very important procedure. The route of administration is determined to ensure the effectiveness of the medication. The various routes of medication administration include:

  • Oral: The medication is given in the form of tablets or capsules to be taken through the mouth. Soluble formulations or liquids may be given orally to very young children or older patients who may not be able to tolerate solids.
  • Sublingual: The medication is placed under the tongue to dissolve where it can be quickly absorbed into the blood stream through a large number of blood vessels located in this region.
  • Rectal: The medication is administered through the anal opening, in the form of a suppository. This route is especially effective in the treatment of inflammatory bowel disease or if the patient has nausea, vomiting or inability to swallow.
  • Topical: The medication is applied directly on the skin to treat localized conditions. It also includes application of eye drops, inhaled bronchodilators, transdermal patches and pessaries.
  • Intravenous: The medication is injected directly into the vein, resulting in immediate action of the medication.
  • Intramuscular: The medication is injected into the muscle, where the medication is released gradually.
  • Subcutaneous: The medication is injected under the skin, where the medication is released gradually.

At Boca Raton Regional Hospital Urgent Care, you can be sure of receiving the right medication, at the right dosage, through the right route, at the right time, under aseptic conditions.


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