Physical Exams (General, Sports DOT)

A physical examination is an evaluation of the body and its functions using various maneuvers such as inspection (to check out the body for signs of disease), palpation (feel with the hands), percussion (tapping with the fingers), and auscultation (listening to the sounds). It assists the doctor in the diagnosis process.

Your first visit to the doctor should have four parts:

  • Medical history
  • Complete physical examination (CPE)
  • Investigations such as radiological/laboratory tests
  • Treatment plan

A combination of detailed medical history and physical examination helps to detect, determine, and diagnose the problem and to plan the treatment. During the process, any relevant findings concerning the disease will be shared between the doctor and the patient.

Every individual should undergo physical examination at timely intervals. The importance of these check-ups includes:

  • Screening for disease
  • Vaccinations can be kept current
  • Avoid future medical complications
  • Maintain a healthy lifestyle
  • Build a strong rapport with the doctor in case of disease

CPE includes the following elements:

Vital signs: You will be checked for vital signs by your doctor:

  • Blood pressure: The normal blood pressure value of an individual is 120/80 mm Hg. A reading of 140/90 is considered as hypertension by the doctor.
  • Heart rate: Normal adult heart beat per minute ranges between 60 and 100.
  • Respiration rate: The normal respiratory rate for an adult is between 16 to 20 breaths per minute.
  • Temperature: The normal human body temperature is 98.6 degrees Fahrenheit or 37 degree Celsius. A rise in body temperature is a sign of fever or infection.

Evaluation of basic systems of the body such as:

  • Heart: A stethoscope is used by your doctor to listen to the heart sounds made with every single heartbeat.
  • Lung: Techniques of auscultation and percussion are employed to detect breath sounds.
  • Head and neck: This includes examination of various organs such as eyes, ears, nose, throat, tonsils, teeth, gums, lymph nodes, and carotid arteries.
  • Abdomen: Your doctor will perform physical examination maneuvers to look for pain or masses in abdomen and/or enlarged liver and spleen.
  • Neurological examination consists of several parts: nerve and its functions, muscle strength and tone, reflexes, gait/balance, and mental status of an individual.
  • Dermatological: Symptoms such as a change in skin color or texture can indicate skin disease.
  • Hands and legs: Any physical abnormalities or joint defects are detected during examination of upper and lower extremities.

Eating a nutrition-rich diet, walking, regular exercises, keeping a healthy weight, and not smoking are some of the key factors to keep your body fit and strong. Pay proper attention and adopt preventive measures to take care of your health.


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